ABSTRACT: There have been several attempts to classify the variety of Buddhist religions present in America. This paper compares the two most widely used classification schemes and shows how they can be combined to form a model with both descriptive and predictive power. The resulting model shows how demand-side and supply-side influences propel immigrant religions on a path toward Americanization. The utility of the model is demonstrated by comparing the developmental histories of two major Japanese Buddhist organizations in America: Soka Gakkai International-USA and Buddhist Churches of America.
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